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Tower Of London

Tower of London, royal fortress and London landmark. Its buildings and grounds served historically as a royal palace, a political prison, a place of execution, an arsenal, a royal mint, a menagerie, and a public records office. It is located on the north bank of the River Thames. Tower of London can be crowded, so we recommend booking e-tickets ahead of time to secure your spot. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel at least 24 hours before the start date of your tour for a full refund. See all Tower of London tickets and tours on Tripadvisor/5(K). Nov 17,  · Directed by Rowland V. Lee. With Basil Rathbone, Boris Karloff, Barbara O'Neil, Ian Hunter. In the 15th century Richard Duke of Gloucester, aided by his club-footed executioner Mord, eliminates those ahead of him in succession to the throne, then occupied by his brother King Edward IV of England. As each murder is accomplished he takes particular delight in /10(K).

{PARAGRAPH}William sent an advance party to prepare the city for his entrance, to celebrate his victory and found a castle; in the words of William's biographer, William of Poitiers"certain fortifications were completed in the city against the restlessness of the huge and brutal populace. For he [William] realised that it was of the first importance to overawe the Londoners". Most of the early Norman castles were built from timber, but by the end of the 11th century a few, including the Tower of London, had been renovated or replaced with stone. William made GundulfBishop of Rochesterresponsible for its construction, although it may not have been completed until after William's death in It also contained grand accommodation for the king. Although he is the first recorded prisoner held in the Tower, he was also the first person to escape from it, using a smuggled rope secreted in a butt of wine. He was held in luxury and permitted servants, but on 2 February he hosted a banquet for his captors. After plying them with drink, when no one was looking he lowered himself from a secluded chamber, and out of the Tower. The escape came as such a surprise that one contemporary chronicler accused the bishop of witchcraft. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that in King William II ordered a wall to be built around the Tower of London; it was probably built from stone as a replacement for the timber palisade that arced around the north and west sides of the castle, between the Roman wall and the Thames. Land was confiscated and redistributed amongst the Normans, who also brought over hundreds of Jews, for financial reasons. The death in of Henry I left England with a disputed succession; although the king had persuaded his most powerful barons to swear support for the Empress Matildajust a few days after Henry's death Stephen of Blois arrived from France to lay claim to the throne. The importance of the city and its Tower is marked by the speed at which he secured London. The castle, which had not been used as a royal residence for some time, was usually left in the charge of a Constablea post held at this time by Geoffrey de Mandeville. As the Tower was considered an impregnable fortress in a strategically important position, possession was highly valued. Mandeville exploited this, selling his allegiance to Matilda after Stephen was captured in at the Battle of Lincoln. Once her support waned, the following year he resold his loyalty to Stephen. Through his role as Constable of the Tower, Mandeville became "the richest and most powerful man in England". Until then the position had been hereditary, originally held by Geoffrey de Mandeville a friend of William the Conqueror's and ancestor of the Geoffrey that Stephen and Matilda dealt withbut the position's authority was such that from then on it remained in the hands of an appointee of the monarch. The position was usually given to someone of great importance, who might not always be at the castle due to other duties. Although the Constable was still responsible for maintaining the castle and its garrison, from an early stage he had a subordinate to help with this duty: the Lieutenant of the Tower. Usually they were given control of the city and were responsible for levying taxes, enforcing the law and maintaining order. The creation in of the position of Lord Mayor of London removed many of the Constable's civic powers, and at times led to friction between the two. The castle probably retained its form as established by until the reign of Richard I — As Longchamp's main fortress, he made the Tower as strong as possible. The new fortifications were first tested in Octoberwhen the Tower was besieged for the first time in its history. Longchamp capitulated to John after just three days, deciding he had more to gain from surrender than prolonging the siege. John succeeded Richard as king inbut his rule proved unpopular with many of his baronswho in response moved against him. Although under-garrisoned, the Tower resisted and the siege was lifted once John signed the Magna Carta. Even after the Magna Carta was signed, Fitzwalter maintained his control of London. During the war, the Tower's garrison joined forces with the barons. John was deposed in and the barons offered the English throne to Prince Louisthe eldest son of the French king, Tower Of London. War continued between the factions supporting Louis and Henry, with Fitzwalter supporting Louis. Fitzwalter was still in control of London and the Tower, both of which held out until it was clear that Henry III's supporters would prevail. As a result, he was eager to ensure the Tower of London was a formidable fortification; at the same time Henry was an aesthete and wished to make the castle a comfortable place to live. Most of the work was focused on the palatial buildings of the innermost ward. Beginning aroundthe castle was expanded to the east, north, and north-west. New creations included a new defensive perimeter, studded with towers, while on the west, north, and east sides, where the wall was not defended by the river, a defensive ditch was dug. The eastern extension took the castle beyond the Tower Of London of the old Roman settlement, marked by the city wall which had been incorporated into the castle's defences. So when the gatehouse collapsed inthe locals celebrated the setback. Henry III often held court at the Tower of London, and held parliament there on at least two occasions and when he felt that the barons were becoming dangerously unruly. Inthe discontented barons, led by Simon de Montfortforced the King to agree to reforms including the holding of regular parliaments. Relinquishing the Tower of London was among the conditions. Henry III resented losing power and sought permission from the pope to break his oath. With the backing of mercenaries, Henry installed himself in the Tower in While negotiations continued with the barons, the King ensconced himself in the castle, although no army moved to take it. A truce was agreed with the condition that the King hand over control of the Tower once again. Henry won a significant victory at the Battle of Evesham inallowing him to regain control of the country and the Tower of London. Cardinal Ottobuon came to England to excommunicate those who were still rebellious; the act was deeply unpopular and the situation was exacerbated when the cardinal was granted custody of the Tower. Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertfordmarched on London in April and laid siege to the castle, declaring that custody of the Tower was "not a post to be trusted in the hands of a foreigner, much less of an ecclesiastic". The Earl retreated, allowing the King control of the capital, and the Tower experienced peace for the rest of Henry's reign. A new moat was created in front of the new curtain wall. A new entrance was created, with elaborate defences including two gatehouses and a barbican. The institution was based at the Tower and responsible for organising the state's arms. They hacked a hole in his cell wall and Mortimer escaped to a waiting boat. He fled to France where he encountered Edward's Queen. They began an affair and plotted to overthrow the King. One of Mortimer's first acts on entering England in was to capture the Tower and release the prisoners held there. For four years he ruled while Edward III was too young to do so himself; inEdward and his supporters captured Mortimer and threw him into the Tower. During this period, the Tower of London held many noble prisoners of war. The nobility held captive within its walls were unable to engage in activities such as hunting which were permissible at other royal castles used as prisons, for instance Windsor. Edward III ordered that the castle should be renovated. This tradition began in at least the early 14th century and lasted until When Richard rode out to meet with Wat Tylerthe rebel leader, a crowd broke into the castle without meeting resistance and looted the Jewel House. However, he was taken away and beheaded on Tower Hill. During this period, the castle also held many distinguished prisoners. The heir to the Scottish throne, later King James I of Scotlandwas kidnapped while journeying to France in and held in the Tower. As a result of Henry's victories, such as the Battle of Agincourtmany high-status prisoners were held in the Tower of London until they were ransomed. Much of the latter half of the 15th century was occupied by the Wars of the Roses between the claimants to the throne, the houses of Lancaster and York. With the help of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick nicknamed "the Kingmaker" Henry recaptured the throne for a short time in Shortly after the death of Edward IV inthe notorious murder of the Princes in the Tower is traditionally believed to have taken place. The incident is one of the most infamous events associated with the Tower of London. The princes were last seen in public in June ; [] it has traditionally been thought that the most likely reason for their disappearance is that they were murdered late in the summer of The beginning of the Tudor period marked the start of the decline of the Tower of London's use as a royal residence. As 16th-century chronicler Raphael Holinshed said the Tower became used more as "an armouries and house of munition, and thereunto a place for the safekeeping of offenders than a palace roiall for a king or queen to sojourne in". Their condition was so poor that they were virtually uninhabitable. In the 16th century, the Tower acquired an enduring reputation as a grim, forbidding prison. This had not always been the case. As a royal castle, it was used by the monarch to imprison people for various reasons, however these were usually high-status individuals for short periods rather than common citizenry as there were plenty of prisons elsewhere for such people. Contrary to the popular image of the Tower, prisoners were able to make their life easier by purchasing amenities such as better food or tapestries through the Lieutenant of the Tower. The Tower's reputation for torture and imprisonment derives largely from 16th-century religious propagandists and 19th-century romanticists. The three most common forms used were the infamous rackthe Scavenger's daughterand manacles. Among those held and executed at the Tower was Anne Boleyn. High-status prisoners could live in conditions comparable to those they might expect outside; one such example was that while Walter Raleigh was held in the Tower his rooms were altered to accommodate his family, including his son who was born there in The Office of Ordnance and Armoury Office were founded in the 15th century, taking over the Privy Wardrobe's duties of looking after the monarch's arsenal and valuables. The two bodies were resident at the Tower from at leastand by the 16th century they had moved to a position Tower Of London the inner ward. In the Board was abolished; its successor the Military Store Department of the War Office was also based there untilafter which its headquarters staff were relocated to the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich where the recently closed Woolwich Dockyard was converted into Tower Of London vast ordnance store. Political tensions between Charles I and Parliament in the second quarter of the 17th century led to an attempt by forces loyal to the King to secure the Tower and its valuable contents, including money and munitions. London's Trained Bandsa militia force, were moved into the castle in Plans for defence were drawn up and gun platforms were built, readying the Tower for war. The preparations were never put to the test. InCharles I attempted to arrest five members of parliament. When this failed he fled the city, and Parliament retaliated by removing Sir John Byronthe Lieutenant of the Tower. The Trained Bands had switched sides, and now supported Parliament; together with the London citizenry, they blockaded the Tower. With permission from the King, Byron relinquished control of the Tower. Parliament replaced Byron with a man of their own choosing, Sir John Conyers. The last monarch to uphold the tradition of taking a procession from the Tower to Westminster to be crowned was Charles II in At the time, the castle's accommodation was in such poor condition that he did not stay there the night before his coronation. Although the facilities for the garrison were improved with the addition of the first purpose-built quarters for soldiers the "Irish Barracks" inthe general accommodations were still in poor condition. When the Hanoverian dynasty ascended the throne, their situation was uncertain and with a possible Scottish rebellion in mind, the Tower of London was repaired. Gun platforms added under the Stuarts had decayed. The number of guns at the Tower was reduced from to 45, and one contemporary commentator noted that the castle "would not hold out four and twenty hours against an army prepared for a siege". The moat surrounding the castle had become silted over the centuries since it was created despite attempts at clearing it. It was still an integral part of the castle's defences, so in the Constable of the Tower, the Duke of Wellingtonordered a large-scale clearance of several feet of silt. However this did not prevent an outbreak of disease in the garrison in caused by poor water supply, resulting in several deaths. To prevent the festering ditch posing further health problems, it was ordered that the moat should be drained and filled with earth. The work began in and was mostly complete two years later. The construction of the Waterloo Barracks in the inner ward began inwhen the Duke of Wellington laid the foundation stone. The building could accommodate 1, men; at the same time, separate quarters for the officers were built to the north-east of the White Tower. The building is now the headquarters of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. The degree heat caused the extras to suffer and rain machines caused the soldier's cardboard helmets and shields to disintegrate. Additional battle scenes were shot on August 22 and on September 4,but the California heat continued to play havoc with the cast, crew and equipment. Tremendous black and white cinematography by George Robinson and stunning dramatic impact in one of the most successful Universal films ever made. Good musical scorethough studio heads were alarmed that the score contained nothing but period music and ordered a new score be written ; time considerations ultimately prevented this, with Frank Skinner cobbling together pieces from his score from The son of Frankensteinonly pieces of the original score survived the final cut. Looking for some great streaming picks? Check out some of the IMDb editors' favorites movies and shows to round out your Watchlist. Visit our What to Watch page. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords. Parents Guide. External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. In the 15th century Richard Duke of Gloucester, aided by his club-footed executioner Mord, eliminates those ahead of him in succession to the throne, then occupied by his brother King Director: Rowland V. Writer: Robert N. Porter notes that the use of the tower as a repository for royal treasure began in earnest inwhen a number of treasures were stolen from the Abbey of St. Peter at Westminster. The remaining treasures were brought to the tower, which was the most heavily fortified spot in London, for safekeeping. A new jewel house was built against the south side of the White Tower in Much of the royal regalia were destroyed in the midth century when England became a republic for a brief time. The tower also contains an impressive collection of armor, which is a treasure unto itself. There was money to be made by renting out parts of the ground and by showing visitors around. A flock of ravens resides at the tower, cared for by the Yeoman Warder Ravenmaster. According to the Tower of London website, legend says that the tower — and the monarchy — will fall if the six ravens ever leave the fortress. Charles II is said to have been the first monarch to insist that the ravens be protected. He did so despite the protests of royal astronomer John Flamsteed, who complained that the ravens kept leaving droppings on his telescope. According to legend, this led Charles to move the Royal Observatory to Greenwich. While the tower was first built as a fortress, its usefulness as a bastion faded as gunpowder-based siege engines such as cannons became widely adopted in Europe. Porter notes that new gun platforms were erected on it in the s, and Parnell writes that as late as the s, when the United Kingdom feared invasion by France, heavy guns were positioned near the Tower to help defend London. Porter writes that a grand storehouse, started in and completed when William and Mary were on the British thronewas built to house weapons and Tower Of London

Oct 24,  · Directed by Roger Corman. With Vincent Price, Michael Pate, Joan Freeman, Robert Brown. The twisted Richard III is haunted by the ghosts of those he has murdered in his attempt to become the King of England/10(K). TOWER London proudly presents fashion footwear, branded boots and stylish shoes for women, men and kids. Free tracked delivery for UK orders over £ Built in , the Tower of London is one of the oldest historical buildings in the United Kingdom. It’s storied history and fascinating versatility has made it a must-see attraction for London tourists from all over the world. Throughout its near 1,year history, the Tower of London has served a.

The Tower of London is a fortress located in the heart of the capital of the United Kingdom, London. A key castle in the defense of British territory in its entirety, it commanded the passage of ships on the Thames as well as the capital. Those who held this citadel were the masters of the British Isles, it was truly an important fortress.

Jul 18,  · The Tower of London. The Tower of London is a beautifully preserved piece of British history that rests in the heart of London. The historic castle is made up of many structures, the oldest and best known being the White Tower, built in for William the Conqueror. Browse 41, tower of london stock photos and images available, or search for tower bridge or westminster abbey to find more great stock photos and pictures. Explore {{viwitecompsedand.bepachardreneanortbrunidpotyskompma.co}} by color family.

Hotels near Tower of London, London on Tripadvisor: Find 65, traveler reviews, 59, candid photos, and prices for 30 hotels near Tower of London in London, England.

The Tower of London is a fortress located in the heart of the capital of the United Kingdom, London. A key castle in the defense of British territory in its entirety, it commanded the passage of ships on the Thames as well as the capital. Those who held this citadel were the masters of the British Isles, it was truly an important fortress. Hotels near Tower of London, London on Tripadvisor: Find 65, traveler reviews, 59, candid photos, and prices for 30 hotels near Tower of London in London, England.

Tower Bridge, movable bridge of the double-leaf bascule (drawbridge) type that spans the River Thames between the Greater London boroughs of Tower Hamlets and Southwark. It is a distinct landmark that aesthetically complements the Tower of London, which it adjoins.


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9 Replies to “ Tower Of London ”

  • All public outdoor areas of the Tower of London are open, as well as the Crown Jewels, South Battlements, Medieval Palace, Bloody Tower, Torture at the Tower exhibition and some floors of the White Tower. All other buildings remain closed. Ticket prices (excl donation): Members: Free; Adult: £; Child: £
  • Tower of London, royal fortress and London landmark. Its buildings and grounds served historically as a royal palace, a political prison, a place of execution, an arsenal, a royal mint, a menagerie, and a public records office. It is located on the north bank of the River Thames.
  • Tower of London can be crowded, so we recommend booking e-tickets ahead of time to secure your spot. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel at least 24 hours before the start date of your tour for a full refund. See all Tower of London tickets and tours on Tripadvisor/5(K).
  • Nov 17,  · Directed by Rowland V. Lee. With Basil Rathbone, Boris Karloff, Barbara O'Neil, Ian Hunter. In the 15th century Richard Duke of Gloucester, aided by his club-footed executioner Mord, eliminates those ahead of him in succession to the throne, then occupied by his brother King Edward IV of England. As each murder is accomplished he takes particular delight in /10(K).
  • Oct 24,  · Directed by Roger Corman. With Vincent Price, Michael Pate, Joan Freeman, Robert Brown. The twisted Richard III is haunted by the ghosts of those he has murdered in his attempt to become the King of England/10(K).
  • TOWER London proudly presents fashion footwear, branded boots and stylish shoes for women, men and kids. Free tracked delivery for UK orders over £
  • Built in , the Tower of London is one of the oldest historical buildings in the United Kingdom. It’s storied history and fascinating versatility has made it a must-see attraction for London tourists from all over the world. Throughout its near 1,year history, the Tower of London has served a.
  • Jul 18,  · The Tower of London. The Tower of London is a beautifully preserved piece of British history that rests in the heart of London. The historic castle is made up of many structures, the oldest and best known being the White Tower, built in for William the Conqueror.
  • Browse 41, tower of london stock photos and images available, or search for tower bridge or westminster abbey to find more great stock photos and pictures. Explore {{viwitecompsedand.bepachardreneanortbrunidpotyskompma.co}} by color family.

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